Raphael, Ceiling of the Stanza della Segnatura

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The Four Ceiling Tondos

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The Four Ceiling Panels

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The Elements

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EARTH

Fettered Giants, the offspring of Earth

Mucius Scaevola placing his hand in the burning flame of the altar

AIR

Amphitrite fleeing Neptune hides herself on the Island of Atlas.

Standing on a dolphin, Amphitrite holds a sail so that the wind may speed her journey.

FIRE

The forge of Vulcan

Mucius Scaevola placing his hand in the burning flame of the altar

WATER

Satyr pouring water on the heads of lovers a pair of lovers

The Sabine Mettius Curtius, rather than submitting to the pursuing Romans, leads his horse into the waters of the swamp which became known as the Lacus Curtius.

(Text from http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/ARTH214/Segnatura_ceiling.html)

See also Edgar Wind ("The Four Elements in Raphael's 'Stanza della Segnatura,'" Journal of the Warburg Institute, II, 1937/38, pp.75-79

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Keystone Panel with Papal Coat of Arms

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